1. 1475: Michelangelo, the Italian Renaissance artist, was born in Caprese, Italy.

2. 1836: The Battle of the Alamo ended in Texas during the Texas Revolution, with Mexican forces capturing the Alamo Mission in San Antonio.

3. 1857: The U.S. Supreme Court handed down the Dred Scott decision, ruling that African Americans were not considered citizens and had no inherent rights.

4. 1899: The painkiller Aspirin was registered as a trademark by the German pharmaceutical company Bayer.

5. 1926: The first successful transatlantic telephone call was made between New York and London.

6. 1947: The Truman Doctrine was announced by U.S. President Harry S. Truman, outlining American support for Greece and Turkey against communist aggression.

7. 1967: Stalin’s daughter, Svetlana Alliluyeva, defected to the West, seeking asylum in the United States.

8. 1987: The “Stars and Stripes” single was released by Bruce Springsteen, with all proceeds going to Vietnam Veterans.

9. 2013: A sinkhole swallowed eight classic cars at the National Corvette Museum in Bowling Green, Kentucky.

10. 2018: NASA’s Juno spacecraft made its eleventh close flyby of Jupiter, studying the planet’s atmosphere and magnetic field.