1. 1912: The Girl Guides (later known as the Girl Scouts) was founded in the United States by Juliette Gordon Low.

2. 1930: Mahatma Gandhi led a 240-mile salt march to protest the British monopoly on salt in India.

3. 1933: President Franklin D. Roosevelt conducted the first of his “fireside chats,” addressing the nation via radio to discuss the banking crisis and New Deal programs.

4. 1947: The Truman Doctrine was proclaimed by U.S. President Harry S. Truman, pledging American support for nations threatened by communism.

5. 1968: Mauritius became independent from British colonial rule.

6. 1993: Several bombs exploded in Mumbai, India, killing about 300 people and injuring hundreds more. The bombings were coordinated serial blasts in different locations.

7. 2003: Elizabeth Smart, a teenager from Utah, was found alive nine months after being abducted from her home.

8. 2011: A massive earthquake and tsunami struck northeastern Japan, leading to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster.

9. 2014: Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370 disappeared while flying from Kuala Lumpur International Airport to Beijing Capital International Airport, leading to one of the greatest mysteries in aviation history.

10. 2020: The World Health Organization declared the COVID-19 outbreak a global pandemic as the virus spread rapidly across the globe.