1. 180:  Emperor Marcus Aurelius died in Vindobona (modern-day Vienna) during a military campaign against the Quadi, leading to the ascension of his son, Commodus, as emperor of Rome.

2. 461: Saint Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland, is believed to have died on this date. It later became known as St. Patrick’s Day.

3. 1776: British forces evacuated Boston during the American Revolutionary War, following the successful siege of the city by American militia.

4. 1845: The rubber band was patented by Stephen Perry of London.

5. 1861: The Kingdom of Italy was proclaimed in Turin, with Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia declared as its king.

6. 1901: The iconic American author and humorist, Samuel Langhorne Clemens, better known as Mark Twain, published his novel “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn” in the United States.

7. 1941: The National Gallery of Art opened in Washington, D.C., United States.

8. 1948: Benelux, France, and the United Kingdom signed the Treaty of Brussels, a precursor to NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization), aimed at mutual defense against aggression.

9. 1969: Golda Meir became the first female Prime Minister of Israel, serving until 1974.

10. 1992: A suicide car bomb exploded at the Israeli Embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina, killing 29 people and injuring hundreds.